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Five Years On, Westside Commuter Train Bleeds Cash

Friday, September 12, 2014

 

Photo Credit: WES Train by M.O. Stevens - Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Despite the economic rebound, more than five years of operations, and promises by TriMet, taxpayers are still subsidizing each ride on the Westside Express Service (WES) to the tune of $13.94 a trip. TThat's the most expensive subsidy of any of TriMet's fixed-route services and it's unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.

WES, TriMet’s only commuter train service, connects Beaverton to Wilsonville, and operates on a 14.7-mile section of track owned by the Portland and Western Railroad

All trips on TriMet are subsidized by taxpayers, but trips on WES are subsidized seven times as much as bus rides and 20 times as much as each ride on a MAX line, according to documents on TriMet ridership. 

“WES is a total boondoggle,” said Jared Franz, Transportation Policy Associate at the enviornmental nonprofit OPAL. “We are subsidizing premium service in this more affluent corridor.” 

A ticket on WES costs $2.50, like tickets to ride the MAX or bus. 

That almost $14-a-ride subsidy is staggering compared to the $0.67-per-ride subsidy for a MAX trip and $1.99-per-ride subsidy for a bus trip. 

Businesses Taxed

Those subsidies are coming primarily from a payroll tax levied on businesses in TriMet’s service area, which provide 57 percent of Trimet’s operating fund. 

When WES opened in 2009, it was the nation’s first suburb-to-suburb commuter rail line, aimed to relieve congestion along Highway 217 in Portland’s rapidly growing western suburbs. Disappointing ridership numbers were explained by the economic downturn and by the fact that the line hadn’t been “discovered” by commuters yet. 

Nearly six years later, ridership is increasing and the subsidy per-rider has fallen from a peak of $20.61 per ride in 2010. 

WES ridership increased from 418,090 rides in 2012 to 442,120 rides in 2013. But even at full capacity, the cost-per-passenger is unlikely to ever be near that of a MAX or bus line.

For example, the MAX Blue Line carries an average of around 60,000 daily rides; the busiest bus line, the No. 4 on Division/Fessenden, carries an average of more than 17,000 riders on weekdays. 

TriMet runs 32 daily trips on WES, and each trip has seats for between 150 and 160 passengers. At maximum capacity, the service would be handling around 5,000 daily rides on weekdays. 

TriMet spokeswoman Mary Fetch said the train will always run at a higher cost. 

“WES ridership (cost per ride) will never be as low as MAX because of the limited service (weekday rush hour only), limited space and the cost structure of operating on a freight line,” Fetch said. 

Despite the high costs per ride, Trimet is unlikely to stop running WES completely. The federal money used to construct the commuter service requires that WES operate for at least 20 years. 

Correction: In the original version of this article, we said: "That’s the most expensive subsidy of any of TriMet’s modes of transit and it's unlikely to change in the foreseeable future." That line has been changed to: "That's the most expensive subsidy of any of TriMet's fixed-route services," to take into account the LIFT services. 

Homepage Photo Credit: Jason Huff, cc

 

Related Slideshow: Top 12 carless cities in the U.S.

Portland ranks among the top cities in the nation where residents live without cars. Check out the other cities that scored highly.

Prev Next

1. New York City

City rank by population     Largest        
Carless population            56.5 %
Metro area density            2,054 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Leo-seta, CC

*density information from U.S. Census urbanized area records for 2010

Prev Next

2. Washington D.C.

City rank by population     24th largest
Carless population            37.9 %
Metro area density            1,150 people
per kilometer *

Photo by robposse, CC

Prev Next

3. Boston, Mass.

City rank by population     21st largest
Carless population            36.9 %
Metro area density            862 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Darron Schall, CC

Prev Next

4. Philadelphia, Pa.

City rank by population     5th largest
Carless population            32.6 %
Metro area density            1,060 people
per kilometer *

Photo by by Tony Fischer, CC

Prev Next

5. San Francisco, Calif.

City rank by population     14th largest
Carless population            31.4 %
Metro area density            2,419 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Christopher Chan, CC

Prev Next

6. Baltimore, Md.

City rank by population     36th largest    
Carless population            31.2 %
Metro area density            1,187 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Tim Shahan

Prev Next

7. Chicago, Ill.

City rank by population     3rd largest
Carless population            27.9 %
Metro area density            1,361 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Bryce Edwards, CC

Prev Next

8. Detroit, Mich.

City rank by population     18th largest
Carless population            26.2 %
Metro area density            1,078 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Sam Beebe, CC

Prev Next

9. Milwaukee, Wis.

City rank by population     30th largest
Carless population            19.9%
Metro area density            974 people
per kilometer *    

Photo by Peter Alfred Hess

Prev Next

10. Seattle, Wash.

City rank by population      22nd largest    
Carless population            16.6 %
Metro area density            1,169 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Bala Sivakumar, CC

Prev Next

11. Portland, Ore.

City rank by population     28th largest        
Carless population            15.3 %
Metro area density            1,362 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Ian Sane, CC

Prev Next

12. Los Angeles, Calif.

City rank by population      2nd largest 
Carless population             13.6 %
Metro area density             2,702 people
per kilometer *

Photo by Jeff Turner, CC

 
 

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